This paper will first discuss the transition from communism based on the experience of living under communist rule.
Requirement for Transition Civil Society in Eastern Europe Civil Society in Belarus Civil Society and Identity in Belarus Some Political and Economic Aspects of Civil Society in Belarus Conclusions Bibliography Introduction The fact that demonstrations and street rallies in Belarus are only Transition from communism in belarus essay attended witness that the extent of European and American criticism seems to be more virulent than the domestic resistance against the state authorities.
One assessment in this regard is beyond question: The reasons for the longevity of this authoritarian regime in the heart of Europe are cross-linked: On the one hand, the historical weakness and the reluctance of the domestic political elite to accept independence in are very often brought into the discussion.
Apart from this, also Russian economic support made it possible for Belarus to navigate itself into a deadlock in its relations with the EU. There may be other reasons which can explain the contemporary situation of a political cul-de-sac.
However, the EU decision makers would be well advised to deal with two subjects: First of all, they should seriously consider how much influence they really have over this awkward country and secondly, they should — based on the first consideration — come to reasonable decisions.
The imposition of visa bans altogether with the conditional approach of EU rapprochement will not enhance the chances of democratization for Belarus. The civil society, which was the big hope in the early literature on the political transition of Eastern Europe, is nowadays the problem child of democratization in Belarus.
The new republics on the map of Europe have not only had to cope with the transition from autocracy to democracy, also the state-directed economy had to be brought into a market-oriented framework. On the one hand, western and American expectations — influenced by the far-fetched theories of Francis Fukuyama - were too high, on the other hand this dilemma is marked by an additional brisance, that there are no comparable examples in history for this process.
Requirement for Transition The term of civil society appears very often in mass-pleasing promises and statements by both politicians and scholars.
The next passages are dedicated to a further discussion of this term from the point of view of transition sciences. The civil society carries a crucial character in the process of the consolidation of democracy.
It is certain that a democratic system, in spite of a constitution with checks and balances, cannot exist without certain values such as tolerance, freedom, respect and political culture. So the path of transition can only be regarded as successful when the people engage in affirmative cooperation with the new state.
The civil society is diametrically opposed to the system of ideocracy, because the non-state actors should reflect social and political pluralism. The essentials of social control over the state, because of which the civil society is important, are totally absent in this case.
The great willingness for political participation, which is per se desirable, can have a counterproductive effect, especially when it comes to painful economic reforms. These reforms, which represent a main issue of transition, can be blocked with the tool of civil society and can as a consequence delay the necessary democratization for years.
But these expectations seem to be somewhat illusory, because it is the cultural environment which is forming our identity and whether democracy is part of our human nature is highly questionable.
It demands ethically correct acts from its citizens, which in the style of Aristotle realizes the ideal of service to the political community. Only the civil society is capable of creating a mentality which helps civilize conflicts.
His landslide victory was connected to the catastrophic economic situation in the country. So the destruction of the Belarusian democracy began with democratic elections. The marginalization of the legislature, the lack of self-restriction of state authorities, the erosion of the division of powers and the lack of a functioning civil society.
Civil Society in Eastern Europe Historically the term of civil society represents the social defense against the absolutist claims to power of the Communist party in Eastern Europe.
For this reason it was the main goal of civil society movements to liberate the people from authoritarianism and from the totalitarian claim to power of the Communist party.
But also the economic dimension of the civil society must be taken into consideration. The independence of the social space came along with the claim to private property. Whereas in the beginning the focus was put on civil freedoms, over the years socio-economic ideas have prevailed.
So the criticism which the concept of civil society had to face with was that its active participants acted in a self-interested manner without any view to the overall interest of society. Ideas like these even culminated in the first half of the s due to the impoverishment and economic desperation of large parts of post-Soviet societies.
The desire for the iron fist of the state was the first missile which severely wounded this promised concept. Also the presidential election of in Belarus can serve as an appropriate example in this regard: Not even the big media support in the election campaign for Kebich could prevent the landslide victory of Lukashenko.the spectrum, most Central Asian states and Belarus, have consolidated non-Communist, The essay should cite at least one source from the required readings, and at least 5 academic sources on the country of choice.
The essay should be pages long, Times New Roman 12, double-spaced with POLI Transitions from Communism. Essay about Transition from Communism in Belarus Words | 6 Pages Transition from Communism in Belarus The Eastern European country chosen for discussion is Belarus.
Inarguable evidence will be noted throughout the paper to prove the need for transition from communism and the problems with the transition. The country of Belarus is still in transition. How do they compare?
Most if not all of the other former Soviet Republics have reached a post-transition status. The transition from communism is negatively experienced by Belarus due to the recurring problems with Russia in .
Transition from Communism Belarus The Eastern European country chosen for discussion is Belarus. This paper will first discuss the transition from communism based . Communism in Eastern Europe Communism is a system of social organization in which all the economic and social aspects and activities are controlled by a single dominating party.
Left communism is the range of communist viewpoints held by the communist left, which criticizes the political ideas and practices espoused—particularly following the series of revolutions which brought the First World War to an end—by Bolsheviks and by social democrats.