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May In the Gospel of John 3: Chthonic serpents and sacred trees[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message In many myths, the chthonic serpent sometimes a pair lives in or is coiled around a Tree of Life situated in a divine garden. In the Genesis story of the Torah and Biblical Old Testamentthe tree of the knowledge of good and evil is situated in the Garden of Eden together with the tree of life and the Serpent.
In Greek mythology, Ladon coiled around the tree in the garden of the Hesperides protecting the entheogenic golden apples. Under yet another Tree the Bodhi tree of Enlightenmentthe Buddha sat in ecstatic meditation. When a storm arose, the mighty serpent king Mucalinda rose up from his place beneath the earth and enveloped the Buddha in seven coils for seven days, so as not to break his ecstatic state.
The Vision Serpent was also a symbol of rebirth in Mayan mythologywith origins going back to earlier Maya conceptions, lying at the center of the world as the Mayans conceived it. Essentially the World Tree and the Vision Serpent, representing the king, created the center axis which communicates between the spiritual and the earthly worlds or planes.
It is through ritual that the king could bring the center axis into existence in the temples and create a doorway to the spiritual world, and with it power".
Schele and Friedel, Sometimes the Tree of Life is represented in a combination with similar concepts such as the World Tree and Axis mundi or "World Axis" by a staff such as those used by shamans.
The oldest known representation of two snakes entwined around a rod is that of the Sumerian fertility god Ningizzida. Ningizzida was sometimes depicted as a serpent with a human head, eventually becoming a god of healing and magic.
It is the companion of Dumuzi Tammuzwith whom it stood at the gate of heaven. Ningizzida was the ancestor of Gilgameshwho, according to the epicdived to the bottom of the waters to retrieve the plant of life. But while he rested from his labor, a serpent came and ate the plant.
The snake became immortal, and Gilgamesh was destined to die. Ancient North American serpent imagery often featured rattlesnakes Ningizzida has been popularized in the 20th century by Raku Kei Reiki a.
There are a number of other translations of the term, usually emphasizing a more serpentine nature to the word—e. It has been suggested by Joseph Campbell that the symbol of snakes coiled around a staff is an ancient representation of Kundalini physiology. The staff represents the spinal column with the snake s being energy channels.
In the case of two coiled snakes, they usually cross each other seven times, a possible reference to the seven energy centers called chakras.
In Ancient Egyptwhere the earliest written cultural records exist, the serpent appears from the beginning to the end of their mythology. Ra and Atum "he who completes or perfects" became the same god, Atum, the "counter-Ra," was associated with earth animals, including the serpent: Nehebkau "he who harnesses the souls" was the two headed serpent deity who guarded the entrance to the underworld.
He is often seen as the son of the snake goddess Renenutet. She often was confused with and later was absorbed by their primal snake goddess Wadjetthe Egyptian cobrawho from the earliest of records was the patron and protector of the country, all other deities, and the pharaohs.
Hers is the first known oracle. She was depicted as the crown of Egypt, entwined around the staff of papyrus and the pole that indicated the status of all other deities, as well as having the all-seeing eye of wisdom and vengeance.
She never lost her position in the Egyptian pantheon. The image of the serpent as the embodiment of the wisdom transmitted by Sophia was an emblem used by gnosticismespecially those sects that the more orthodox characterized as " Ophites " "Serpent People".
The chthonic serpent was one of the earth-animals associated with the cult of Mithras. The Basiliskthe venomous "king of serpents" with the glance that kills, was hatched by a serpent, Pliny the Elder and others thought, from the egg of a cock.
Outside Eurasia, in Yoruba mythologyOshunmare was another mythic regenerating serpent. The Rainbow Serpent also known as the Rainbow Snake is a major mythological being for Aboriginal people across Australiaalthough the creation myth associated with it are best known from northern Australia.
In Fiji Ratumaibulu was a serpent god who ruled the underworld and made fruit trees bloom. In the Northern Flinders Ranges reigns The Arkarooserpent who drank Lake Frome empty, refuges into the mountains, carving valleys and waterholes, earthquakes through snoring.
This section does not cite any sources. July Learn how and when to remove this template message The serpent, when forming a ring with its tail in its mouth, is a clear and widespread symbol of the "All-in-All", the totality of existence, infinity and the cyclic nature of the cosmos.
The most well known version of this is the Aegypto-Greek Ourobouros. It is believed to have been inspired by the Milky Wayas some ancient texts refer to a serpent of light residing in the heavens.A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah Read a summary of Langston Hughes' short story, 'Thank You, Ma'am', a snapshot of African-American life in the s.
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Dramatic Irony in Romeo and Juliet - William Shakespeare, the author of many various forms of writing, was born in Stratford upon Avon, in