I believe that there will be a clash between those who want freedom, justice, and equality for everyone and those who want to continue the systems of exploitation… It is incorrect to classify the revolt of the Negro as simply a racial conflict of black against white, or as a purely American problem. Rather, we are today seeing a global rebellion of the oppressed against the oppressor, the exploited against the exploiter. Racism is primarily rooted in the historical development of capitalist as a world system.
Yet the very concept of "race," and the ideology and practice of racism are relatively modern. Racism as an ideology is a form of biological determinism, premised on the idea that different human populations "races" have different capacities because of their genetic makeup.
Inevitably such categorizations are aimed at rationalizing an existing social hierarchy. The whole concept of "races" within the human species is not based on physical reality, but is rather a purely ideological construction.
Over the past 50 years biologists have come to the conclusion that there is no scientific means of categorizing human beings by "race. Geneticists have concluded that some 75 percent of genes are identical in every human being.
Of the remaining portion, which account for all genetic variation: In areas with scarcity of sunlight, given an inadequate diet, the more pigmented stood greater risk of contracting rickets, which in the case of female patients, distorting their pelvic bones, made childbirth impossible.
This is a mere case of an evolutionary normal survival of a coincidental mutation, which determines nothing about other genetic traits.
Genetically determined blood-groups or the capacity for tasting PTC phenol-thio-carbamide A Social Reality The absence of any scientific basis for distinguishing one "race" from another makes the whole concept meaningless.
Yet biological refutation does not affect the social reality. As Richard Fraser, a veteran American Trotskyist, pointed out in "The Negro Struggle and the Proletarian Revolution," a document written in the s and recently republished, race remains "a reality in spite of the fact that science reveals that it does not exist.
But race as the keystone of exploitation remains. Race is a social relation and has only a social reality. It has proved through several centuries to be a useful and flexible tool for the possessing classes.
It justified the brutal wars of conquest and genocide, which established the European colonial empires. It rationalized the slave trade, which produced the primitive accumulation of capital necessary for the industrial revolution.
Today racism in its various guises remains an important ideological mainstay for the capitalist elites, providing a rationale for the barbaric oppression of minorities.
Racism "explains," for example, why black people in America fail to get a piece of the "American Dream" one generation after another.
It can be used to "explain" why Japanese capitalism has been much more successful than its European and North American rivals. The arguments offered by racists, whether the psychotic ravings of a lumpenized skinhead or the "objective," pseudo-scientific scholarship of a Harvard professor, seek to direct popular anger away from the workings of an irrational and decaying capitalist system to some group of "outsiders.
In the first place, it provides one of the essential axes along which the working class can be divided against itself, encouraging one segment of the proletariat to identify with the exploiters. This impedes the development of class consciousness and undermines the unity necessary to challenge capitalist rule.
The working class of every imperialist country has been so poisoned with chauvinism and racism also promoted by pro-capitalist misleaderships within the workers' movement that in "normal" periods, workers often identify their interests with those of their "own" oppressors and exploiters rather than with those of workers in other countries.
Secondly, racism, in common with other forms of biological determinism, has an essential ideological function. The bourgeoisie rose to ascendancy under the banner of "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.
Racists are not burdened with the obligation to prove that capitalist society is egalitarian. Instead, they openly claim that the inequalities of class society are based on natural distinctions. Racism in History Racism did not originate from a single source, but rather from a combination of several strands of historical development that came together into an ideology with considerable persuasive power.
Racialism drew upon existing cultural and national prejudices, and pre-capitalist notions about nature and hierarchies, which were gradually adapted to new economic and social developments. It has been widely observed that the Mediterranean civilizations of antiquity were "color blind": Shapiro notes that 'modern man is race conscious in a way and to a degree certainly not characteristic previously,' and points out that in earlier societies the ability to see obvious physical differences did not result in 'an elaborate orientation of human relations within a rigid frame of reference.
Yet the entire concept of "race," as it is now commonly understood, was alien to them.A partnership between anti-capitalism and anti-racism within social movements and in public discourse could dissolve the mutual reinforcement between racism and capitalism and thereby advance progressive social change.
The link between capitalism and racism. Theory & History. Kate Jeffreys. 04 May Between and , slave traders in the service of European powers kidnapped 12 million people from the coasts of Africa. Progressive biologist Stephen Jay Gould, in The mismeasure of man, debunked the notion that race correlates with intelligence.
Relationship between Race and Capitalism In the words of Malcolm X, “I believe that there will ultimately be a clash between the oppressed and those that do the oppressing.
I believe that there will be a clash between those who want freedom, justice, and equality for everyone and those who want to continue the systems of exploitation. Relationship between Race and Capitalism In the words of Malcolm X, “I believe that there will ultimately be a clash between the oppressed and those that do the oppressing.
The Relationship Between Race and Juvenile Delinquency Words | 8 Pages. The Relationship Between Race and Juvenile Delinquency Four years now researcher in the fields of psychology sociology, genetics, and the juvenile justice system have contemplated the reason why some youth turn to delinquency and violence.
Relationship Between Race and Capitalism In the words of Malcolm X, “I believe that there will ultimately be a clash between the oppressed and those that do the oppressing - Relationship Between Race and Capitalism introduction.