Forensic Handwriting Analysis — Expert Introduction to Handwriting Analysis Article In this document, forensic document examiner, Mark Songer, provides an introduction to the science of forensic handwriting analysis.
A lot of his work involves criminal investigation of fraud, for example Frits was recently asked to give evidence in a case where a carer was accused of extorting money from an elderly lady. In this short piece Frits explains some aspects of modern graphology in order to give some background to his work.
Modern Graphology Modern graphology features in a multitude of disciplines and is as far removed from the era of the quill pen in terms of communication as the aeroplane is from the horse and cart in modern transportation. The word Graphology is derived from the Greek "graphein" meaning to write and "logos" meaning to study or reason.
Baxter reasoned that if taken in its broadest sense, the term graphology "correctly describes the activities of many who would vehemently deny that they are Graphologists, but as such they may be correctly described".
There are three main branches of modern graphology and in reality practitioners tend to fit into one particular branch with there being little cross over in each field. The three aspects of modern Graphology are described in more detail below. Script-psychology This usually involves the interpretation of handwriting by a skilled script analyst with psychological know-how and experience.
This is commonly what is understood by Graphology in the eyes of the general public, the popular perception being that of a portrait in writing with in-depth consideration of character and personality.
However this branch of graphology when used in a professional capacity can be an empirical diagnostic appraisal used for career guidance and occupational purposes.
It can also be used in behavioural profiling, risk assessment, counselling and consultancy. In this context analysis is based on theories to explain the cause of writing behaviour, trajectory and use of space. Interpretations are attached to the way handwriting is done.
In my opinion scientifically this is the most intriguing, demanding and neglected area. There is a big difference between professional analysts with great ability and those who lack the basic ingredients of scientific methodology, experience and perception.
Personality is a complicated subject, which is difficult to define and further research is needed in both graphology and psychology in order to refine this field. Forensic comparison This commonly involves handwriting comparison, examination and identification in a legal context, usually involving the analysis of disputed documentation and signature examination by an expert who groups similarities and dissimilarities.
Writing construction, proportion and shape are important elements of the analysis. This and wider aspects of authentication, fraud and disguise are uncovered and researched with verifiable methods and modern scientific equipment.
However, analysis in this area is not an exact science. Conclusions are based on facts, weighed for significance by the expert and leading to his or her opinion. This duty overrides any obligation to the party who has engaged him or her.Using methods involving in-depth handwriting analysis he was able to support the defendant in his claim that he had signed cheques with his employer's permission.
which is difficult to define and further research is needed in both graphology and psychology in order to refine this field. Frits Cohen has devised his own tool which uses.
You can write on the screen with your fingers (ala Steve Jobs) or with a stylus, and at a pause in your handwriting, the Surface will do its best to change what you entered into typed text. Graphology, Grafologia, Graphology and the Psychology of Handwriting, Handwriting Analysis (Graphology) Sarmiento, Alberdi y la mala letra Análisis grafológico de los próceres argentinos Juan Bautista Alberdi y Domingo Faustino Sarmiento.
Handwriting Rubrics – This is an electronic book of 26 rubrics to assess handwriting. A rubric is a scoring guide to judge performance on a specific task. A rubric is . Handwriting Analysis Quick Reference Guide 3 “If you want to add handwriting analysis to your tool belt of vast personal resources, the Handwriting Home Study Course will set you in the right direction.
May 04, · Day 4 of #loveYOURlettering: Refining Your Handwriting Learning the rules and proper formation of letters is important ground work before we dive into creative lettering.
Here is a basic.