Overview[ edit ] To fully understand folklore, it is helpful to clarify its component parts: It is well-documented that the term was coined in by the Englishman William Thoms.
Types[ edit ] In many religions, both ancient and modern, a god would preside over the home. Certain species, or types, of household deities existed. An example of this was the Roman Lares.
Many European cultures retained house spirits into the modern period. Some examples of these include: Vestiges of their worship persisted long after Christianity and other major religions extirpated nearly every trace of the major pagan pantheonsand indeed, they continue even today, in one form or another and in fact may have taken on some of their own, including statues to various saints, such as St.
Francis to protect a garden, or gargoyles in older churches. For centuries Christianity fought a mop-up war against these lingering minor pagan deities, but they proved tenacious. Since the 20th century this literature has been mined for characters for role-playing games, video games, and other fantasy personaenot infrequently invested with invented traits and hierarchies somewhat different from their mythological and folkloric roots.
Origins in animism and ancestor worship[ edit ] Shinto as an exemplar of development[ edit ] The general dynamics of the origin and development of household deities over a considerable span may be traced and exemplified by the historically attested origins and current practices of the Shinto belief system in Japan.
As the British Japanologist Lafcadio Hearn put it: The real religion of Japan, the religion still professed in one form or other, by the entire nation, is that cult which has been the foundation of all civilized religion, and of all civilized society, — Ancestor-worship.
Three stages of ancestor-worship are to be distinguished in the general course of religious and social evolution; and each of these finds illustration in the history of Japanese society. The first stage is that which exists before the establishment of a settled civilization, when there is yet no national ruler, and when the unit of society is the great patriarchal family, with its elders or war-chiefs for lords.
Under these conditions, the spirits of the family-ancestors only are worshipped;--each family propitiating its own dead, and recognizing no other form of worship.
As the patriarchal families, later on, become grouped into tribal clans, there grows up the custom of tribal sacrifice to the spirits of the clan-rulers;--this cult being superadded to the family-cult, and marking the.
Finally, with the union of all the clans or tribes under one supreme head, there is developed the custom of propitiating the spirits of national, rulers. This third form of the cult becomes the obligatory religion of the country; but it does not replace either of the preceding cults: Many Japanese houses still have a shrine kamidana, kami shelf where offerings are made to ancestral kami, as well as to other kami.
He also coined the term animism. Tylor disagreed with Herbert Spenceranother founder of anthropology, as well as of sociology, about the innateness of the human tendency towards animistic explanations, but both agreed that ancestor worship was the root of religion and that domestic deities were survivals from such an early stage.
In reality this distinction is somewhat academic, since totemism may be regarded as particularized manifestation of animism, and something of a synthesis of the two positions was attempted by Sigmund Freud.4 • FOLKLORE Although it has been illegal for a long time, obeah, the traditional witchcraft of the Caribbean, still exists.
Some Garifuna still practice it secretly. Its rituals involve dances, drumming, and trances for contacting the spirits of the dead. In theology and practice, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints embraces the universal human family.
Latter-day Saint scripture and teachings affirm that God loves all of His children and makes salvation available to all. Learn how DAR members selflessly and tirelessly dedicated themselves to the war relief effort of World War I. More. A.
Abducted by pfmlures.com aliens in these legends are not men from outer space but the underground folk: fairies, trolls, elves, and the like. The Recovered Bride (Ireland).
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group. These include oral traditions such as tales, proverbs and pfmlures.com include material culture, ranging from traditional building styles to handmade toys common to the pfmlures.comre also includes customary lore, the forms and rituals of.
The legends A mother had her child taken from the cradle by elves. In its place they laid a changeling with a thick head and staring eyes who would do nothing but eat and drink.