Water released by plants into the atmosphere through evapotranspiration evaporation and plant transpiration and to the ocean by the rivers, influences world climate and the circulation of ocean currents.
The Amazon basin has the greatest variety of plant species on Earth and an abundance of animal life, in contrast to the scrublands that border it to the south and east.
The Amazonian region includes vast areas of rainforest, widely dispersed grasslands, and mangrove… A brief treatment of the Amazon Rainforest follows.
For full treatment, see South America: Amazonia is the largest river basin in the world, and its forest stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the tree line of the Andes in the west.
The forest widens from a mile km front along the Atlantic to a belt 1, miles 1, km wide where the lowlands meet the Andean foothills. The immense extent and great continuity of this rainforest is a reflection of the high rainfallhigh humidityand monotonously high temperatures that prevail in the region.
A stream in the Amazon Rainforest, Ecuador. The luxuriant vegetation encompasses a wide variety of treesincluding many species of myrtlelaurelpalmand acaciaas well as rosewoodBrazil nutand rubber tree.
Excellent timber is furnished by the mahogany and the Amazonian cedar. Major wildlife includes jaguarmanateetapirred deercapybara and many other types of rodentsand several types of monkeys.
Among the arthropods of the Amazon Rainforest are spiders including orb weavers and tarantulasscorpions, centipedes, millipedes, butterflies, wasps, rhinoceros beetles, ponerine ants, mantids, and walkingsticks.
Brazil holds approximately 60 percent of the Amazon basin within its borders, and some 1, square miles 4, square km of this was covered by forests in The amount of forest cover declined to some 1, square miles 3, square km byabout 81 percent of the area that had been covered by forests in In the s the Brazilian government and various international bodies began efforts to protect parts of the forest from human encroachment, exploitation, deforestationand other forms of destruction.
Deforestation of the Amazon River basin has followed a pattern of cutting, burning, farming, and grazing. This process is then repeated on adjacent plots of land, steadily pushing back the borders of the Amazon Rainforest.
By the state oil company Petroecuador had begun to drill and extract petroleum from the park. Tropical forests and deforestationTropical forests and deforestation in the early 21st century.The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Spanish: Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; French: Forêt amazonienne; Dutch: Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.
This basin encompasses 7,, km 2 . Click on your part of the continental U.S. to find out how precipitation (rain and snow) in your area compares to the Amazon.
The beauty, majesty, and timelessness of a primary rainforest are indescribable.
It is impossible to capture on film, to describe in words, or to explain to those who have never had the awe-inspiring experience of standing in the heart of a primary rainforest.
The National Geographic magazine archive is an online collection of every print issue published since It includes all articles, photographs, and maps, exactly as they appeared in print.
All you need to view the archive is a current National Geographic magazine subscription and an internet connection. Using the archive is easy—you can browse thousands of issues, search by topic or. Mar 27, · Long before pfmlures.com, there was just the Amazon, a massive rain forest and river in South America.
Tuesday, archaeologists announced the discovery of . The World's Largest Rainforests  1. Amazon Basin, South America 2.
Congo Basin, Africa 3. Indonesian Archipelago, Southeast Asia How large is the Amazon rainforest? .