Farmers of the Woodlands By: Farmers of the Woodlands This essay written by Peter Nabokov and Dean Snow, illustrates how these two groups of Native American tribes, the Algonquians and Iroquoians, developed an effective and rich society based on taking advantages of the natural resources, and coexisting together as a complex cultural mosaic before European settlement. First, the authors make mention of the tribe Algonquian colloquially known as Wabanakissemi-nomads whose subsistence means were mainly hunting and fishing. This society was composed of small groups with flexible social organization to allow them to move freely, favoring this way the hunting life of Penobscot.
Native Americans form an ethnic group only in a very general sense.
In the East, centuries of coexistence with whites has led to some degree of intermarriage and assimilation and to various patterns of stable adjustment.
In the West the hasty expansion of… Native American culture areas Comparative studies are an essential component of all scholarly analyses, whether the topic under study is human society, fine art, paleontology, or chemistry; the similarities and differences found in the entities under consideration help to organize and direct research programs and exegeses.
The comparative study of cultures falls largely in the domain of anthropologywhich often uses a typology known as the culture area approach to organize comparisons across cultures. The culture area approach was delineated at the turn of the 20th century and continued to frame discussions of peoples and cultures into the 21st century.
A culture area is a geographic region where certain cultural traits have generally co-occurred; for instance, in North America between the 16th and 19th centuries, the Northwest Coast culture area was characterized by traits such as salmon fishing, woodworking, large villages or towns, and hierarchical social organization.
The specific number of culture areas delineated for Native America has been somewhat variable because regions are sometimes subdivided or conjoined.
The 10 culture areas discussed below are among the most commonly used—the Arctic, the Subarctic, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Plains, the Southwest, the Great Basin, California, the Northwest Coast, and the Plateau. Notably, some scholars prefer to combine the Northeast and Southeast into one Eastern Woodlands culture area or the Plateau and Great Basin into a single Intermontane culture area.
Each section below considers the location, climate, environmentlanguages, tribes, and common cultural characteristics of the area before it was heavily colonized. Prehistoric and post-Columbian Native American cultures are discussed in subsequent sections of this article.
A discussion of the indigenous peoples of the Americas as a whole is found in American Indian. The Arctic This region lies near and above the Arctic Circle and includes the northernmost parts of present-day Alaska and Canada. The topography is relatively flat, and the climate is characterized by very cold temperatures for most of the year.
Distribution of Arctic peoples. The Arctic peoples of North America relied upon hunting and gathering. Winters were harsh, but the long hours of summer sunlight supported an explosion of vegetation that in turn drew large herds of caribou and other animals to the inland North.
On the coasts, sea mammals and fish formed the bulk of the diet. Small mobile bands were the predominant form of social organization; band membership was generally based on kinship and marriage see also Sidebar: The Difference Between a Tribe and a Band.
Dome-shaped houses were common; they were sometimes made of snow and other times of timber covered with earth. Fur clothing, dog sleds, and vivid folklore, mythology, and storytelling traditions were also important aspects of Arctic cultures. The topography is relatively flat, the climate is cool, and the ecosystem is characterized by a swampy and coniferous boreal forest taiga ecosystem.
Distribution of American Subarctic cultures.
Their traditional languages are in the Athabaskan and Algonquian families. Small kin-based bands were the predominant form of social organization, although seasonal gatherings of larger groups occurred at favoured fishing locales.
Moose, caribou, beavers, waterfowl, and fish were taken, and plant foods such as berries, roots, and sap were gathered. In winter people generally resided in snug semisubterranean houses built to withstand extreme weather; summer allowed for more mobility and the use of tents or lean-tos.
Snowshoes, toboggans, and fur clothing were other common forms of material culture.
See also American Subarctic peoples. The topography is generally rolling, although the Appalachian Mountains include some relatively steep slopes. The climate is temperate, precipitation is moderate, and the predominant ecosystem is the deciduous forest.
There is also extensive coastline and an abundance of rivers and lakes. Distribution of Northeast Indians. The traditional languages of the Northeast are largely of the Iroquoian and Algonquian language families.
Most Northeastern peoples engaged in agriculture, and for them the village of a few dozen to a few hundred persons was the most important social and economic unit in daily life.
Groups that had access to reliably plentiful wild foods such as wild ricesalmon, or shellfish generally preferred to live in dispersed hamlets of extended families.In the essay, Algonquians and Iroquoians: Farmers of the Woodlands, Peter Nabokov and Dean Snow describe the complexity and vitality of the societies and cultures of two groups of Indians, the Algonquians and Iroquoians, as they existed in The people of the Eastern Woodlands are classified into two main groups, the Iroquois (Eastern Woodlands farmers) and the Algonquians (Eastern Woodlands hunters).
This division is based on the roots of their languages and their main source of food. Algonquians & Iroquoians: Farmers of the Woodlands. Submitted by: Submitted by brittanyhermann.
Views: Words: Winter was described to be the best time for these activities for a few reasons throughout the essay. The first reason was that the cold temperatures would freeze the rivers and creeks which would lead them around .
It is a total waste of money to buy the "correct" edition of the textbook your school wants you to buy.
I have been in college for almost two years, and have maybe bought one textbook that was the same one the school suggested, because it was a math class and I needed specific problems. Algonquin were the first meet the Europeans when Samuel de Champlain saw a tribe led by Kiticisipirini, who was the chief in Eastern Quebec.
In the summer of the Algonquins allied with the French, because of Champlain, so that . LARGEST Free American History Essays Database: Over , American History Essays, American History Term Papers, American History Research Paper, Book Reports.
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